The National Science Foundation and other national agencies collect, analyze and disseminate data related to STEM education, the development and activity of the science and engineering workforce, and U.S. competitiveness in research and development. These large-scale data sets are collected through periodic national surveys of individuals and institutions.
Rebecca CarrAssociation of American Universities Data ExchangeApril 2013
Several studies have evaluated the progress of women through various stages of the academic pipeline in STEM fields. This study focused on the proportion of women in the pipeline from degree completions to faculty positions. The report describes data collected by the Association of American Universities Data Exchange (AAUDE) from multiple sources.
ASEE publishes the leading data on engineering colleges in the United States including both individual college statistics and national trends. This data is published annually in the Profiles of Engineering Colleges book sent to all ASEE deans and available online.
Jennifer Reineke Pohlhaus, PhD; Hong Jiang, PhD; Robin M. Wagner, PhD, MS; Walter T. Schaffer, PhD; Vivian W. Pinn, MDAcademic MedicineJune, 2011
This paper presents two studies.The first, a cross-sectional analysis from fiscal year 2008 data, compared women’s and men’s grant application, success, and funding rates for 17 award programs (plus T32 trainees) that represent a typical “career ladder.” As shown in the figure below, which summarizes data shown in the report, the proportion of women applicants compared to men generally decreased at more advanced career stages.Similar findings appeared in a 2007 National Academies report.
The National Research Council’s mission is to improve government decision making and public policy, increase public understanding, and promote the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge in matters involving science, engineering, technology, and health. The Research Council’s independent, expert reports and other scientific activities inform policies and actions that have the power to improve the lives of people in the U.S. and around the world.
Research Universities and the Future of America presents critically important strategies for ensuring that our nation’s research universities contribute strongly to America’s prosperity, security, and national goals. Widely considered the best in the world, our nation’s research universities today confront significant financial pressures, important advances in technology, a changing demographic landscape, and increased international competition.
Although women have made important inroads in science and engineering since the early 1970s, their progress in these fields has stalled over the past several years. From Scarcity to Visibility looks at women in science and engineering careers in the 1970s and 1980s, documenting differences in career outcomes between men and women and between women of different races and ethnic backgrounds.
Data and statistics focused on Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) scholars support informed decisions about the specific steps required to increase diversity and inclusion in the STEM disciplines.
National Center for Women & Information TechnologyCatherine Ashcraft, Anthony Breitzman
While a number of studies have documented the underrepresentation of women ininformation technology (IT), few studies have investigated gendered patterns in IT patenting. Patenting, however, is an important measure of innovation and influence in IT and computing. As a result, examining women’s participation in IT patenting is important for helping us understand women’s involvement in the recognized and rewarded aspects of IT innovation, research, and development.
The New York Times has assembled the results of the PISA science achievement test, a test given to representative samples of 15-year-olds in 65 developed countries by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. In the majority of the countries girls outperform boys in science, but the pattern is reversed in the United States where the female deficit in test scores is one of the greatest.
The National Science Foundation began supporting ADVANCE initiatives in 2001, and has awarded over $130M in funding for a variety of programs. The most significant efforts seek to create permanent institutional transformation.
Professional disciplinary groups allow members to meet, engage, and share knowledge. This effort is particularly important to foster supportive, collaborative networks among scientists from under-represented groups.
We have compiled multiple publicly available databases of the published research related to NSF ADVANCE program efforts to increase diversity in STEM education and the STEM labor force. These include the literature on implicit bias, mentorship and other topics.
Balance is real challenge facing many faculty, particularly women with children. The perception (and reality) of the inflexibility and rigor of an academic career is one cause for the lack of diversity in STEM disciplines.