Data and statistics focused on Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) scholars support informed decisions about the specific steps required to increase diversity and inclusion in the STEM disciplines.
National Center for Women & Information TechnologyCatherine Ashcraft, Anthony Breitzman
While a number of studies have documented the underrepresentation of women ininformation technology (IT), few studies have investigated gendered patterns in IT patenting. Patenting, however, is an important measure of innovation and influence in IT and computing. As a result, examining women’s participation in IT patenting is important for helping us understand women’s involvement in the recognized and rewarded aspects of IT innovation, research, and development.
The New York Times has assembled the results of the PISA science achievement test, a test given to representative samples of 15-year-olds in 65 developed countries by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. In the majority of the countries girls outperform boys in science, but the pattern is reversed in the United States where the female deficit in test scores is one of the greatest.
The National Science Foundation began supporting ADVANCE initiatives in 2001, and has awarded over $130M in funding for a variety of programs. The most significant efforts seek to create permanent institutional transformation.
Professional disciplinary groups allow members to meet, engage, and share knowledge. This effort is particularly important to foster supportive, collaborative networks among scientists from under-represented groups.
We have compiled multiple publicly available databases of the published research related to NSF ADVANCE program efforts to increase diversity in STEM education and the STEM labor force. These include the literature on implicit bias, mentorship and other topics.
Balance is real challenge facing many faculty, particularly women with children. The perception (and reality) of the inflexibility and rigor of an academic career is one cause for the lack of diversity in STEM disciplines.